India has produced great mathematicians, scientists, chemists, physicians, astrophysicists and botanists. Even since ancient times, India had astronomers, mathematicians and inventors. With this article, I am trying to present Top 10 IndianScientists of Modern Times.
10. Prafulla Chandra Ray (1861-1944)
Prafulla Chandra Ray is known as the “Father of Chemistry” in modern India. He was born on August 2 , 1861 in a small village of Khulna District (presently in Bangladesh). He completed his BSc in Edinburgh University where he studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology amongst other subjects. He later completed his doctoral thesis (DSc) in the same university. He came back to India in 1888 and joined Presidency College, Calcutta as an assistant professor. In 1896, he published a paper on preparation of a new stable chemical compound called Mercurous nitrite. He started a new Indian School of Chemistry in 1924. He was also a well-known writer and mainly wrote on subjects pertaining to science. He is known for his two books, i.e., ‘Life and Experience of a Bengali Chemist’ in 1932 and ‘A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle of Sixteenth Century.’ He died on June 16, 1944 in Calcutta.