Missiles basically have four system components, i.e., targeting and/or guidance, flight system, engine, and warhead. Most of India’s current missiles were developed under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program that had its inception in 1980. Here are 30 Interesting Facts About Indian Missile Program.
1. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam conceived and worked on Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.
2. India is the first nuclear weapons country to have a no first use policy.
3. India test fired its first indigenously built missile Prithvi in 1988 (Prithvi II picture above), and the Agni missile in 1989. This caused concerns among the countries that already possessed such technologies (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States) and therefore placed technological restrictions on India. This slowed down the programme, but India successfully developed indigenously all the restricted components denied to it.
4. Prithvi class surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missile has been in service since 1994. Currently Prithvi II is being used by the Indian Army, Airforce and Navy.
5. India’s cruise missile (being tested) NIRBHAYA is a cruise nuclear-warhead missile, which when blasted, takes the form of a plane and when in close proximity to the target it attacks with a random flight trajectory thus eliminating the probability of it getting terminated by any antimissile system because there is no predefined flight path set.